A Comparative Case Study on Sustainable Community Development: Applications from Hagaby, Sweden in Sahmuratli, Turkey

By Derya Eryilmaz.

Published by The International Journal of Sustainability Policy and Practice

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This study proposed a sustainable community model for Sahmuratli Village in rural Turkey based on the available resources and demands of the local community in the area. This model was inspired by the eco-village Hagaby in Sweden. Kerkenes-Eco Center, located in Sahmuratli Village, began demonstrating sustainability projects to attract sustainable community development related to economic and social improvements in the village while preserving its distinctive community dynamics.

Interview and survey methods were used to understand the opinions and attitudes of the local community toward implementing sustainability projects. In addition, the PEBOSCA framework was applied to analyze the village’s potential in terms of physical (P), economic (E), biological (B), organizational (O), social (S), cultural (C) and aesthetic (A) resources.

Based on the methods used, this study proposed five different projects to improve the economic and social conditions of the local community through developing waste management, transportation, markets for local products, environmental education and eco-tourism. The major constraint of the study was the resistance of the local community to change their attitudes toward these practices. The reasons behind this resistance include political conflicts as well as limited economic resources.

This case provokes the need to increase the investment in community capital such as physical, natural and social. Furthermore, it calls for attracting more attention to sustainable community development in Turkey based on a successful case in Sweden.

Keywords: Sustainable Community Development, PEBOSCA Framework, Ecological Village, Community Capital, Sustainability Practices

The International Journal of Sustainability Policy and Practice, Volume 8, Issue 2, pp.69-83. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 634.437KB).

Derya Eryilmaz

Ph.D. Student, College of Food, Agriculture and Natural Resource Sciences, Department of Forest Resources, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA

Derya Eryilmaz is a Ph.D. student at the Department of Applied Economics at the University of Minnesota. Her doctoral specialization is at the environmental and resource economics and development field. Her doctoral research focuses on energy and environmental economics, analysis of renewable energy policy and optimization of the clean energy production. She holds a B.Sc. degree in Economics from Ankara University in Turkey, M.Sc. degrees in Sustainable Development from Uppsala University in Sweden and in Natural Resources Science and Management from University of Minnesota. Her goal is to become an active researcher in the energy field and to produce research on the energy policy and renewable energy development.