Sustainable Science and Technology Policies for Developing Countries: The Case of Brazil (Partially Financed by MackPesquisa)

By Ana Cristina Carvalho.

Published by The International Journal of Sustainability Policy and Practice

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

Developing countries have already recognized that science and technology are determinant to economic development. Their policies usually focus on inclusive growth and sometimes aim at sustainable development. In these countries, funding agencies represent an important way to stimulate the creation of innovative technologies. Also, the government can offer tax exemptions to companies that create new technologies within the country instead of importing them. However, incentives addressed to promote sustainable technologies are not very common yet. In Brazil, the National Environment Policy was promulgated in 1981 and established, as one of its principles, the creation of incentives for the research of technologies addressed to the rational use and protection of natural resources. This policy has objectives such as the development of research and national technologies for the rational use of natural resources and the diffusion of environmental management technologies, environmental data divulgation and the building of a public conscience regarding the need to preserve environmental quality and ecological balance. The incentives to build equipment and create technologies to improve the environmental quality are instruments of this policy. This paper analyzes the measures which can help to accomplish the environmental goals in a developing country.

Keywords: Environment, Sustainability, Technology, Policy, Developing Countries

The International Journal of Sustainability Policy and Practice, Volume 8, Issue 3, pp.123-132. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 339.117KB).

Prof. Ana Cristina Carvalho

Professor, Computing and Informatics Institute, Mackenzie Presbyterian University, São Paulo, SP, Brazil

Ana Cristina Carvalho joined Mackenzie Presbyterian University in 2005. She teaches in the areas of legal informatics and legal engineering. Her written work includes articles on law and technology. She is currently working on a research financed by MackPesquisa, regarding Brazilian policies on sustainability from the years 1990 to 2010. Her particular focus is science and technology policies. After completing her B.A. in law (UFPB/Brazil), post-graduate work in tax law (PUC-São Paulo/Brazil) and her LL.M. in international law (USP/Brazil), she is now working on her PhD thesis at Mackenzie Presbyterian University. She is very interested in creating a legal approach between Brazil and Canada.