Developing countries have already recognized that science and technology are determinant to economic development. Their policies usually focus on inclusive growth and sometimes aim at sustainable development. In these countries, funding agencies represent an important way to stimulate the creation of innovative technologies. Also, the government can offer tax exemptions to companies that create new technologies within the country instead of importing them. However, incentives addressed to promote sustainable technologies are not very common yet. In Brazil, the National Environment Policy was promulgated in 1981 and established, as one of its principles, the creation of incentives for the research of technologies addressed to the rational use and protection of natural resources. This policy has objectives such as the development of research and national technologies for the rational use of natural resources and the diffusion of environmental management technologies, environmental data divulgation and the building of a public conscience regarding the need to preserve environmental quality and ecological balance. The incentives to build equipment and create technologies to improve the environmental quality are instruments of this policy. This paper analyzes the measures which can help to accomplish the environmental goals in a developing country.
|Keywords:||Environment, Sustainability, Technology, Policy, Developing Countries|
Professor, Computing and Informatics Institute, Mackenzie Presbyterian University, São Paulo, SP, Brazil